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Penshurst Primary School


Children in Reception and Key Stage 1 follow the synthetic phonics approach, using the ‘Letters and Sounds’ programme. It’s an approach to teaching phonics in which individual letters or letter sounds are blended to form groups of letters or sounds, and those groups are then blended to form complete words – we’ve produced a guide to help you with some of the terms and concepts.

Children in Reception also use ‘Jolly Phonics’ actions to go with the sounds. We use a combination of reading schemes. These include Oxford Reading Tree, Floppy’s Phonics, Fireflies, Big Cat, Ginn and Rigby Star. These give a variety of fiction and non–fiction books to develop children’s reading range. Children learn to read at different rates. Once they finish the reading scheme, we encourage them to become ‘free readers’ and choose their own books.


Our daily phonics sessions in Reception and Year 1 and 2 are fun, involving lots of speaking, listening and games. The emphasis is on children’s active participation. They learn to use their phonic knowledge for reading and writing activities and in their independent play.


At Penshurst Primary, we use a synthetic phonics programme called Letters and Sounds alongside the actions of Jolly Phonics. We also use elements of the Read, Write Inc. scheme for interventions.

Letters and Sounds is divided into six phases, with each phase building on the skills and knowledge of previous learning. There are no big leaps in learning. Children have time to practise and rapidly expand their ability to read and spell words. They are also taught to read and spell ‘tricky words’ – words with spellings that are unusual or that children have not yet been taught. These include the words ‘to’, ‘was’, ‘said’ and ‘the’ – you can’t really break the sounds down for such words so it’s better to just ‘recognise’ them.

Phase one will have begun in nursery. This phase paves the way for the systematic learning of phonics. During this phase especially, we plan activities that will help children to listen attentively to sounds around them, such as the sounds of their toys and to sounds in spoken language. We teach a wide range of nursery rhymes and songs and read good books to and with the children. This helps to increase the number of words they know – their vocabulary – and helps them talk confidently about books. The children learn to identify rhyme and alliteration.

Every child at Penshurst has access to ‘Reading Eggs’ and ‘Reading Eggspress’ which are whole school IT reading programmes. Children access these schemes via the internet and have their own personal login and password. These programmes are interactive worlds full of fun games and hundreds of online books to help your child progress.

Ways you can support your children at home

  • Play: ‘What do we have in here?’ Put some toys or objects in a bag and pull one out at a time. Emphasise the first sound of the name of the toy or object by repeating it, for example, ‘c c c c – car’, ‘b b b b – box’, ‘ch ch ch ch – chip’.
  • Say: ‘A tall tin of tomatoes!’ ‘Tommy, the ticklish teddy!’ ‘A lovely little lemon!’ This is called alliteration. Use names, for example, ‘Gurpreet gets the giggles’, ‘Milo makes music’, ‘Naheema’s nose’.
  • Teach them ‘Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers’
    • What?
    • When?
    • Who?
    • Why?
    • Where?
  • Play games with them on the ‘Reading Eggs’ programme - it’s lots of fun!